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Fun Facts About the Immune System

Audio Version

The immune system of yours is your body's version of the military: sworn to protect against all who threaten it, both domestic and foreign. It's some truly interesting soldiers that help make this possible.

The immune system of yours protects against disease, infection, and will help you recover after an injury.

A river of lymph and blood

The immune system is an intricate fighting system powered by 5 litres of blood and lymph. Lymph is a colorless and clear liquid that passes throughout the tissues of the body.

Together, these 2 fluids transport all of the elements of the immune system so they are able to do the jobs of theirs.

White (knight) cells

Like white knights slaying a dragon, white blood cells charge into battle at any sign of trouble. You will find 2 different kinds of white blood cells: lymphocytes and phagocytes.

Phagocytes are able to move through the blood vessels of yours and tissue to ingest or perhaps absorb invaders. Phagocytes target organisms which cause disease (or pathogens) and toxins. Toxins are a natural poison produced by a number of organisms as a kind of security. Often when a phagocyte has absorbed a pathogen, it sends out a chemical which helps lymphocytes identify what type of pathogen it's.

Each pathogen carries a certain type of antigen, and each lymphocyte in your body carries antibodies meant to fight the antigens carried by pathogens. You will find 3 primary types of lymphocytes in the body: B cells, natural killer cells, and T cells.

Each pathogen carries a certain type of antigen, and each lymphocyte in your body carries antibodies meant to fight the antigens carried by pathogens. You will find 3 primary types of lymphocytes in the body: B cells, natural killer cells, and T cells.

B cells produce antibodies that attack toxins, viruses, and bacteria that get into the body. T cells kill cells in the body which have been overtaken by viruses or perhaps that have become cancerous. Like T cells, natural killer cells kill infected or perhaps cancerous cells. But rather than producing antibodies, they create a specific enzyme, and chemical, that kills the cells.

One's body creates new antibodies as soon as it is infected with a brand new antigen. If similar antigen infects you another time, the body of yours can easily make copies of the corresponding antibody to destroy it.

Fever and inflammation are signs that are many good Having a fever and inflammation can be uncomfortable, but they are signs that your human body is working. Fever releases white blood cells, increases metabolism, and stops certain organisms from multiplying.

Inflammation occurs when each damaged cell releases histamines. The histamines cause the cell walls to dilate. This produces the redness, pain, heat, and swelling of inflammation. As a result, your body limits the effects of the irritant.

Sleep forever or now hold your peace Have you been running around like crazy, and suddenly find yourself sick? That is your immune system getting its revenge.

In the event that you are not receiving much more than 5 hours of sleep a night, the immune system of yours could become low, the same as you. This leaves you ready to accept colds, infection, and flu.

Some sunshine is Exposure that is good to sunlight is how your body naturally produces vitamin D. This can help ward off an array of things that are bad as depression, some cancers, and heart disease. It is actually good for individuals with autoimmune disorders.

A fair-skinned person only needs about 10 minutes on a sunny day to get all the vitamin D they need. Nevertheless, too much sun is able to cause temporary damage to the immune system of yours and eventually result in skin cancer. Remember a little sunshine is good, however, you have to protect the skin of yours whenever you intend to spend time outside.

Skincare experts recommend all folks wear sunscreen with broad spectrum UVB and UVA protection, Sun Protection Factor (SPF) thirty or perhaps greater, and water resistance. When the sun is quite powerful, you need to also wear appropriate clothing, such as:

  • long-sleeved shirts
  • long pants
  • wide-brimmed hats
  • sunglasses

Also, stay mainly in the shade whenever the sun's rays are strongest, between ten a.m. and two p.m.

Stress damages The immune system of yours Your immune system is prepared for anything you are able to throw at it. But it is able to only deal with so much.

Pressure has a tremendous impact on the immune system of yours. During stress, a number of events release cortisol, adrenaline, along with other stress hormones from the adrenal gland. Together they help your body cope with stress. Normally, cortisol is beneficial since it decreases the inflammation in the body which results from the immune responses due to stress.

But if a person is chronically stressed, stress hormones are able to impact the way the body functions over time. This raises the risk of yours of health problems, including:

  • anxiety
  • depression
  • stomach issues
  • heart disease
  • sleep disorders
  • weight gain

problems with concentration and memory It is essential to look for healthy ways to cope with the stress of yours. This can decrease the risk of yours of long term stress and its associated health problems. Some excellent ways to reduce stress include:

  • meditation
  • yoga
  • acupuncture
  • talk therapy
  • art therapy
  • exercise
  • eating healthfully

Laughter will help your immune system The saying goes that laughter is the greatest medicine, and there is truth to that. Laughter releases dopamine and other feel good chemicals in the brain, all of which will help minimize stress.

20 minutes of laughter one day might not hold the doctor away, however it might help keep your immune system functioning properly.